NATIONAL WATER RESOURCES INSTITUTE
WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION
The Water Supply and Sanitation Research and Development Division is responsible for the following activities:
- Generate quality scientific data from studies and investigations on water and sanitation.
- Provide information to help understand current conditions and likely conditions that affect public health due to unsafe water and and inadequate sanitation.
- Monitor and conducts reseach activities in relevant areas, to help in policy making and strategy development.
- Train and retrain all categories of staff of the water sectors on water supply, treatment operations and quality control, as well as sanitation and hygiene.
- Conducts consultancy and technical services on water and wastewater quality analyses, as well as water treatment chemicals for governmental and non-governmental organizations.
- Offoer suggestion of future investiment priorities in the water spply and sanitation for the sub-sector in the Urban, Small Town, Rural areas.
- Build partnership, collaboration and network for research and development of appropriate and relevant water supply and sanitation technologies.
The following are the research and assessment activities carried out and/or on-going:
a. National assessment of drinking water quality programme carried out in:
- Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers States in 2008/2009,
- Kaduna and Ogun States in 2009/2010,
- Taraba State in 2011,
- Nasarawa State and the FCT in 2012,
- Anambra, Osun and Kebbi States in 2013, and
- Niger State in 2014;
b. Drinking Water Quality Assessment in the Communities affected by lead poisoning in Zamfara State
c. Development of Appropriate Latrine Options for Riverine Areas i:
- Two riverine communities of Akwa Ibom State (Uta Ewa Ikot Abasi LGA and Ibaka in Mbo LGA)
d. Residual Chlorine Mapping of Bauchi Water Supply Network, Bauchi State
e. Urban Sanitation Study in:
- Kaduna State major metropolis - Kaduna, Zaria and Kafanchan
f. Development of Low Cost Manual and Mini-powered Water Well Drilling Rigs
The objectives of this project are to: (a) promote reduction of the cost of making potable water available; (b) provide opportunity for increased access to potable and safe drinking water; and (c) create opportunity for youth empowerment and job creation.
In this project, one manual water well drilling rig and one mini-powered water well drilling rig were designed, fabricated and tested. The fabricated rigs were also commissioned by the Honourable Minister of Water Resources.
g. NWRI/NASENI Collaborative Research on Local Manufacture of Four Niche Parts of Water Well Drilling Rigs
NWRI and NASENI are working together to produce manufacturing layouts for four niche parts of water well drilling rigs capable of drilling down to 60m, 120m and 200m depths. The four niche parts are; power head, water swivel, control valves and hydraulic pump which are currently being sourced from scraps by indigenous rig fabricators resulting in low efficient rigs susceptible to frequent breakdowns during operation.
Thus, this project is aimed at addressing these gaps in local manufacture of water well drilling rigs, reduce cost of local fabrications of water well rigs and make them more effective and efficient. The project is still on-going.
The following are the planned and on-going research activities in the next five years:
a. Assessment of Drinking Water Quality Programme in:
- Gombe State,
- Ebonyi State,
- Katsina State,
- Edo State,
- Benue State, and
- Oyo State;
b. Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment Programme in:
- Kano State,
- Cross River State,
- Enugu States,
- Adamawa State,
- Kogi State, and
- Osun State;
c. Surface Water Quality Assessment in:
- Kano/Hadejia River System,
- Kaduna River System, and
- Ogun/Osun River System;
Dr. Emmanuel Adanu